Seventy thousand years ago, Homo sapiens was still an insignificant animal minding its own business in a corner of Africa. In the following millennia it transformed itself into the master of the entire planet and the terror of the ecosystem.
Humans in Europe and western Asia evolved into Homo neanderthalensis (‘Man from the Neander Valley’), popularly referred to simply as ‘Neanderthals’. Neanderthals, bulkier and more muscular than us Sapiens, were well adapted to the cold climate of Ice Age western Eurasia. The more eastern regions of Asia were populated by Homo erectus, ‘Upright Man’, who survived there for close to 2 million years, making it the most durable human species ever. This record is unlikely to be broken even by our own species. It is doubtful whether Homo sapiens will still be around a thousand years from now, so 2 million years is really out of our league.
There are no gods, no nations, no money and no human rights, except in our collective imagination
Great book about the history of humankind. The author clearly did some serious research into the events that lead to our species today.
The book first describes the origin of your species "Homo Sapiens". We evolved from a Gene pool called "The great apes", next to our species was another closely related kind called the "Neanderthal". The book makes the reasoning that we wiped out the Neanderthals because "They were too familiar to ignore, but too different to tolerate."
The book exhibited three main revolutions in our history. First, the Cognitive Revolution (70,000 years ago), which enabled our brains to envolove and allowed for complex communication and language to develop. Then the Agricultural Revolution (10,000 years ago), which brought more consistent food and enabled a higher population growth, the author argues that this revolution decreased the well being of the individual human but increased the spreading of the species. And finally the Scientific Revolution (500 years ago), which is very recent and brought many medical advances and a real understanding of human DNA. Now we are at a time where we have the power to alter the natural selection process of evolution by using genetic engineering. Where this will lead us is yet to unfold.